Synthetic Rope or Steel Cable on your winch? No matter what brand of side by side you have whether it be Polaris, Can-Am, Yamaha, Kawasaki, John Deere, Arctic Cat, Kubota etc.. winch options are the same. This is one of the frequently asked questions we hear from customers. Lots of off-road enthusiast are divided when it comes to choosing between synthetic rope or steel cable for their winch; you often hear the merits of both types making it difficult for consumers to make a decision on what choice is right for them and their UTV.
Since the beginning of winching, aircraft-grade steel cable has been the standard for the industry. It’s less prone to fraying and abrading, making it perfect for highly abrasive terrains like sand, rocks and mud. On the other hand, as it wears, the cable can develop sharp burrs and over time can rust. Some guys keep the line coated with WD-40 or chain oil to protect the cable from rusting and to disperse moisture. Steel cable also has a tendency to kink which decreases its strength and makes it hard to spool up properly. Steel cable is more durable than synthetic rope but it is at the expense of strength and weight.
More recently, the popularity of the synthetic rope has become greater and much more widely available, it is even mandatory in a lot of major sanctioned off-road events. Originally designed for use in commercial fishing, it was introduced in the mid-90s as an alternative for steel cable. Great for trail and recovery winches, it is made from hi-tech polyethylene; it is proven to be 15 times stronger than steel cable.
Also proven to be safer, it’s 4 times lighter than steel cable and doesn’t store as much energy, so if it breaks it’s not as projectile like the cable. Furthermore, its light weight can be an advantage to rigs that are weight sensitive over the front axle. The synthetic rope doesn’t kink like the steel cable, it retains its shape, holds tight without stretching and is resistant to tangles. Its flexibility, in addition to its light weight, makes it easier and safer to handle but be advised that careless use could potentially cause knots in the rope. Synthetic rope does not conduct heat or electricity, so you won’t burn your hands in the heat or freeze them in the cold. Also, no cuts or splinters to your hands, it doesn’t fray or develop burrs like the steel cable is famous for.
Although synthetic rope has a much higher breaking point compared to the steel cable, it’s not unbreakable. If a line does break, with proper braiding technique it can be repaired in the field, it is much easier to splice than steel cable. It is also resistant to rust keeping your rope looking nice and new for a longer period of time. The synthetic rope also has the advantage of floating making convenient for winching near creeks, mud holes and other bodies of water.
So the synthetic rope sounds pretty good but are there disadvantages? Yes there are some, but you have to keep in mind that not all synthetic ropes are made equal. Synthetic ropes can weakened by UV exposure, heat, chemicals and abrasion but quality ropes come with a special protective coating to prevent these kind of damages as well as an anti-abrasion sleeve for more protection. Synthetic ropes can get snagged on the corners of a roller fairlead so a Hawse fairlead is recommended. Synthetic ropes can also hold water, this would add weight and possibly freeze in cold temperatures making the winch hard to use. Synthetic rope also requires proper maintenance, it’s important to wash your line every now and then, especially after using it in sand or muddy conditions. Grains of dirt and sand can work their way into the ropes core, this abrasive material can cut at the core which would ultimately weaken the rope from the inside out.
Making the choice
All and all either one will get the job done as long as they are in good condition. When it comes down to it, maintaining your winch and the terrain you ride factors in, but mainly it’s your personal preference. The facts are here, it’s up to you make the decision.
- More durable, longer lasting
- Can drag on rocks
- UV stable
- Abrasion resistant
- Less expensive
- Uses either fairlead
- Stores energy, which is dangerous if it breaks
- Doesn’t float
- Not flexible, more difficult to handle
- Tendency to kink
- Frays or burrs, steel splinters
- Difficult to fix a break in the field
- Can rust
- Does not work harden and become brittle (great for snow plow applications)
- Doesn’t store energy, safer if it breaks
- Floats in water/mud
- Can be spliced in field if it breaks
- Flexible, easier to handle long lengths off the drum
- Does Not Conduct Heat or Electricity
- No kinks or permanent coiled shape
- Resists rust
- Comes in pretty colors
- Not UV stable, requires extra UV protection (sleeve, coating, etc.)
- Can melt if exposed to heat (such as brake drum)
- Subject to internal fraying by dirt and sand
- Not abrasion resistant, needs to be protected by sleeve
- Hard to visually detect weakened/damaged rope
- More expensive
- Can retain water and freeze
- Lots of cheap imitations on the market
- Needs to be cleaned of mud, sand, and debris